ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Discuss the educational and physical requirements, testing process and background phase involved in the hiring process. Includes the experiences and advice of current and past applicants. All agency application related questions belong here.

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Dave Jenkins
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ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby Dave Jenkins » Sat Nov 15, 2008 12:05 pm

With all the developing interest in special constable services as BOTH a stepping stone into policing or as an alternate law enforcement career I felt perhaps an Ask a Special Constable section was in order. There are a number of special constables on this site including police (courts), transit, housing and university. I am sure that between us we can answer most any question related to special constables (at least here in Ontario).
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T.M.DIESEL
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby T.M.DIESEL » Sat Nov 15, 2008 12:32 pm

Dave Jenkins wrote:With all the developing interest in special constable services as BOTH a stepping stone into policing or as an alternate law enforcement career I felt perhaps an Ask a Special Constable section was in order. There are a number of special constables on this site including police (courts), transit, housing and university. I am sure that between us we can answer most any question related to special constables (at least here in Ontario).
No Way GAMPY, would give you a forum to post long winded posts and chew up all our bandwidth. :twitch: :P
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Dave Jenkins
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby Dave Jenkins » Sat Nov 15, 2008 12:35 pm

T.M.DIESEL wrote:No Way GAMPY, would give you a forum to post long winded posts and chew up all our bandwidth. :twitch: :P
I am attempting to be serious here Diesel. You have experience as both a university special and prisoner transport. Please share what you can and lets keep this a more serious thread in order to help others!
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T.M.DIESEL
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby T.M.DIESEL » Sat Nov 15, 2008 12:36 pm

Dave Jenkins wrote:
T.M.DIESEL wrote:No Way GAMPY, would give you a forum to post long winded posts and chew up all our bandwidth. :twitch: :P
I am attempting to be serious here Diesel. You have experience as both a university special and prisoner transport. Please share what you can and lets keep this a more serious thread in order to help others!
Should have said GRUMPY GAMPY, of course you are serious and I was joking, time to retire old man. ;)
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby polarbear » Sat Nov 15, 2008 12:43 pm

There are also a bunch of Qc. specials on here. Over in Qc, a special can perform everything from full police duties (in certain circumstances), court security to nuclear facility response team.
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby Dave Jenkins » Sat Nov 15, 2008 12:49 pm

Facts (Ontario):

In Ontario special constables are appointed through section 53 of the Police Service Act.
http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statut ... 0p15_e.htm

Special constable appointments specify what authority has been conferred such as peace officer for Criminal Code, police officer for specific provincial acts and or municipal by-laws.

Special Constable appointments are (fore the most part) reviewed by the sponsor police agency and Ministry every 5 years.

Special constable authority will be while on duty within the stipulated jurisdiction. Any variance to that will be mentioned in the officer’s appointment.

Despite common belief special constables are not police officers and this is stated in the Ontario Police Services Act. This does not however mean that a special constable can not hold police powers for provincial acts. The PSA allows for police powers to be conferred on special constables for provincial act enforcement.

Then how come some universities call themselves police? The Ministry of Public Safety and Correctional Servicers has determined that as these few agencies have used the title “police” for an extended time that they may continue with a proviso that the terms “Community” or “Campus” must accompany “Police” when ever used and that “Special Constable” must also be displayed. The decision was based on historic use and nothing else.

Use of Force tools for special constables is pretty much set at collapsible batons and OC spray/foam. All are required to take use of force training as prescribed by their sponsor police agency/Ministry on at least a yearly basis. The exception to this is the Niagara Parks Police (yes, they are also special constables) who do carry firearms.

Training at this time varies from agency to agency in how it is provided. The Ministry as laid out a matrix for training and expects the following to be covered –

Arrest
Booking
Bomb threats and suspicious objects
Case Preparation - Criminal
Case Preparation - Provincial
Cell Extraction *
Communicable Diseases
Community Policing
Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
Court Procedures
Canadian Police Information Centre CPR
Crime Scene Management
Criminal Offences
Diversity
Drug Awareness/Procedures
Document Service
Edged Weapons
Emotionally Disturbed Persons
Evidence
First Aid
Firearms Awareness/Safety
Highway Traffic Act
Immigration Act *
Interviewing/Interrogation
Introduction to Law
Liquor Licence Act
Medical Emergency and Hospital Escort *
Medication
Mental Health Act
Motorized Snow Vehicles Act*
Notetaking and Statements
Provincial Offences Act
Prisoner Classification
Prisoner Escort
Prisoner Transportation
Police Vehicle Operations
Release Procedures
Report Writing
Search and Seizure
Special Constable Status
Suspect Apprehension
Pursuit Training *
Trespass to Property Act
Use of Force Defensive
Tactics/Requalification *
Use of Force Legislation
Use of Force/Baton/Requalification
Use of Force/Firearms/Init/Requalification
Use of Force/OC/Init/Requalification
Voice Radio Communications
Wanding *
Young Offenders Act

* there are some instances where training is specific to need such as for court/offender transport and OPP’s “STOP” members (Motorized Snow Vehicles Act)
Last edited by Dave Jenkins on Sun Nov 16, 2008 10:51 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby Dave Jenkins » Sat Nov 15, 2008 1:37 pm

Here is a list of (links where available) Special Constable Agencies in Ontario. Most police services employ special constables for court security and offender transport and handling. There are other special constables in Ontario but they are unique such as the Ontario Fire Marshal’s Office and for the most part their appointments are limited to their specific task.

University:
http://www.adm.uwaterloo.ca/infopol/
http://www.uwindsor.ca/police/
http://www.uoguelph.ca/security/Police/
http://www.mcmaster.ca/security/ Job posting will be here - http://www.workingatmcmaster.ca/careers ... ntopps.php
http://www.uwo.ca/police/
http://www.carleton.ca/safety/index.html
http://www.wlu.ca/homepage.php?grp_id=1150&pv=1
http://www.campuspolice.utoronto.ca/site3.aspx
http://www.utsc.utoronto.ca/~police/
http://www.utm.utoronto.ca/1196.0.html
http://www.brocku.ca/campussecurity/
http://www.fanshawec.ca/EN/facilities/1 ... curity.asp

Transit:
http://www3.ttc.ca/Riding_the_TTC/Safet ... rvices.jsp
http://www.octranspo.com/mapscheds/Secu ... tables.htm
http://www.yrt.ca/services/transit-enforcement.asp
http://www.gotransit.com/PUBLIC/aboutgo/safety.htm

Housing:
Toronto Community Housing

Parks:
http://www.niagaraparks.com/aboutus/police.php


Other (not complete):
Queens Park
Fire Marshal
Ontario Motor Vehicle Industry Council
Ontario Police College
Ontario Racing Commission
Ministry of the Environment
Greater Toronto Airports Authority http://www.gtaa.com/en/gtaa_corporate/u ... nine_unit/

Most University S/C sites will include a link to their Annual Reports which may give you a better idea of what they do and how busy they are.

Example:
http://www.mcmaster.ca/security/reports.htm
Last edited by Dave Jenkins on Sun Nov 16, 2008 2:52 pm, edited 6 times in total.
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby SierraSeven » Sat Nov 15, 2008 1:39 pm

I think it's great that you're getting at least some type of coverage as I'm sure it's quite common to come across those without any type of status in Canada.
Last edited by SierraSeven on Wed Mar 21, 2012 5:29 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby Dave Jenkins » Sat Nov 15, 2008 1:43 pm

SierraSeven wrote:As a BSO, I'm curious to learn more about what exactly you are provided in the way of Immigration Act training. I think it's great that you're getting at least some type of coverage as I'm sure it's quite common to come across those without any type of status in Canada.
That is listed in the matrix the Ministry presented. I think it was intended for more unique applications and I don't know that any universities get that training. Niagara Parks (although they get full OPC) would make use I am sure and might many police specials. Just like the Snow Vehicles Act is intended to OPP STOP members and not all specials. It is why that training has the "*" beside it linking it to the footnote.
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby Bald Man » Sat Nov 15, 2008 1:59 pm

SierraSeven wrote:As a BSO, I'm curious to learn more about what exactly you are provided in the way of Immigration Act training. I think it's great that you're getting at least some type of coverage as I'm sure it's quite common to come across those without any type of status in Canada.
That's why we have the Immigration number close by. :D

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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby Dave Jenkins » Sat Nov 15, 2008 2:55 pm

polarbear wrote:There are also a bunch of Qc. specials on here. Over in Qc, a special can perform everything from full police duties (in certain circumstances), court security to nuclear facility response team.
Any Quebec special constables here care to step up and give a more in depth look into the special constable world in Quebec?

I must confess I know little about Quebec special constables.

Found an English version of the Quebec Police Act. Special Constables seem to be found in Chapter II sections 105-114.
http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.q ... 13_1_A.htm
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby polarbear » Sat Nov 15, 2008 3:55 pm

Dave Jenkins wrote:
polarbear wrote:There are also a bunch of Qc. specials on here. Over in Qc, a special can perform everything from full police duties (in certain circumstances), court security to nuclear facility response team.
Any Quebec special constables here care to step up and give a more in depth look into the special constable world in Quebec?

I must confess I know little about Quebec special constables.

Found an English version of the Quebec Police Act. Special Constables seem to be found in Chapter II sections 105-114.
http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.q ... 13_1_A.htm

Basically, a special in quebec can have a VERY wide range of duties, depending on their deed of appointment (just like Ontario). However, the Police, deontology, and police ethics ( http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.q ... _1R1_A.htm ) acts apply to specials and to highway controllers. That being said, there are other differences in the deeds of appointment and training that a special in Qc. may receive.

A good example of this is the Special Constable Native Training Program at ENPQ (the provincial police college). Here is a small brief of the program, taken from ENPQ's web site:
Special Constable Native Training Program
The twelve-week Special Constable Program is given at the École nationale de police du Québec. This training prepares the candidates to adequately intervene in police matters within their community. Graduates from this program may be appointed, by the Minister, as peace officers for a specific term and within the limits set out in their deed of appointment.
In a nutshell, a special constable working for an Aboriginal police force / service will be able to perform all of the regular duties of a police officer withing the territory that is indicated in his / her deed of appointment.

If a special working for an aboriginal police force has not attended ENPQ for the SCNTP mentioned above, they may be trained in UoF by an approved ENPQ instructor, and the person may carry OC and a baton, but not a firearm. The SCNTP incorporates firearm training into the program, and therefore a special graduating from this program is at that point entitled to carry while on duty, just like a regular police officer. However, as mentioned above, the special can only excercise his powers as a peace officer in the territory that he / she is appointed to, and not for the full province of Quebec, as full fledge police officers in the province can.



I think that gonqgrad may be able to elaborate a little further on this topic.
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Dave Jenkins
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby Dave Jenkins » Sat Nov 15, 2008 5:27 pm

Are special constables used at any Quebec universities, transit systems or Community Housing facilities? Here in Ontario Aboriginal Police Services are First Nations Constables which is a category created to replace special constables in cases of First Nations forces. This category has some subtle differences such as it automatically confers police authority where as special constable may have police powers conferred or not or limited depending on their purpose.

PSA Section 54 - First Nations Constable
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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby Bald Man » Sat Nov 15, 2008 11:15 pm

Dave Jenkins wrote:Are special constables used at any Quebec universities, transit systems or Community Housing facilities? Here in Ontario Aboriginal Police Services are First Nations Constables which is a category created to replace special constables in cases of First Nations forces. This category has some subtle differences such as it automatically confers police authority where as special constable may have police powers conferred or not or limited depending on their purpose.

PSA Section 54 - First Nations Constable
What was the point of creating FNC's appointment? Clearly a special cst appointment would achieve the same thing as it does in Quebec. Is it because the word First nations is thrown in there to appease our FN's people? Neither are police officers but can have the same powers. Dumb if you ask me.

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Re: ASK A SPECIAL CONSTABLE

Postby levert » Sun Nov 16, 2008 6:53 am

In Quebec, this is some special constable

Contrôle routier Quebec (Highway and truck enforcement)
ParK warden
Special constable in court of justice
Jail officer
Qubec body guards for ministry
Special constable Hydro Quebec.


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